To deal with the increase in traffic, both Europe and the United States have launched major programs to modernize air traffic management: SESAR in Europe and NextGen in the USA.
Improving air traffic management (ATM) will decrease CO2 emissions by about 10%, based on the widespread use of modern satellite navigation systems to implement more precise take-off and approach procedures that will cut both noise and fuel use.
In the framework of the SESAR activities and as representative of the European Business Aviation Association (EBAA), Dassault Aviation supports a number of proposals to keep impact on the environment to a minimum:
- Climb at cruise speed
During the take-off phase, the aircraft continuously flies at cruise speed, where aerodynamics and engines function most efficiently. This could decrease fuel consumption, and therefore emissions, by up to 5%.
- Continuous descent
A continuous descent from the beginning of the descent phase to touchdown, instead of using a stair-step flight path, improves ecological performance and above all reduces the noise perceived by surrounding communities.
- Specific approach procedures
The business aviation industry is a pioneer in developing specific approaches which reduce noise perceived by local inhabitants thanks to the performance offered by business aircraft, especially steep slope approaches.