Eco-approach

Eco-design

An aircraft’s environmental performance is assessed over its entire lifecycle. At Dassault Aviation, we design products that are increasingly respectful of the environment, from development through to decommissioning. Our efforts include using renewable materials, increasing the service life of structures and striving for “greener” production.

Benchmark

Falcon business airplanes are the most fuel-efficient in their category. Compared to the competition, the estimated difference in consumption is 30%, for similar standards of comfort and performance. This achievement has a positive effect on air pollution by reducing carbon emissions.

Fundamental principles of eco-design:

  • The optimization approach creates airplanes offering lower fuel consumption for the same standard of comfort and performance.
  • Integrated digital flight control and smart flight systems save time and energy. Wings and low-bypass engines enhance aircraft aerodynamics.
  • The weight of structures and systems is minimized by using composite materials, reducing the number of fasteners, lightening internal fittings, and replacing hydraulic equipment by electrical systems.
  • Working with engine manufacturers reduces the aircraft’s acoustic signature.
  • Intensive use of computer modeling avoids the materials and energy needed to build and test models and prototypes.
  • For the next generation of aircraft, accurate simulations of pollution and noise impact are being used right from the preliminary design stage. This optimizes aerodynamics, structure, noise and pollution.

Today, conducting research into eco-design and more broadly into product development based on “ecolonomic” criteria (ecological and economic) is vital. These criteria are becoming a factor in the assessment of product performances.

For many years now, Dassault Aviation has been conducting Life Cycle Analyses with the aim of modeling the aircraft and its related production chains. Once finalized, this tool will allow us to assess the potential environmental impacts of various technical hypotheses, as soon as we begin designing a new product.

Eco-design research activities are covered in the “Research and the future” section.

Eco-production

Certified ISO 14001

Between 2003 and 2005, all Dassault Aviation sites were certified ISO 14001, reflecting our commitment to reducing the environmental impact of our production facilities.

Tangible progress in environmental protection has or is being achieved:

  • Reduced consumption of natural resources;
  • Lower gaseous effluent by replacing old boilers, purchasing electric vehicles and decreasing use of road transport;
  • Higher waste recycling rate with a focus on dedicated waste treatment methods;
  • Reduced use of chlorinated solvents at production facilities;
  • Qualification of paints for commercial aircraft with low solvent content;
  • Replacement of products or processes involving hazardous substances (e.g. chrome VI) with healthier, more environmentally-friendly equivalents;
  • Industrial facility risk management;
  • Integration of REACH into the environmental policy.
All Dassault Aviation sites are certified ISO 14001

All Dassault Aviation sites are certified ISO 14001

A network of environmental managers

The Company has rolled out the necessary resources to implement the environmental policy. Each of our facilities has named an Environmental Manager who works with a network of sector-specific correspondents in the field.

Twice a year, all plant and corporate environmental managers come together at Company environment seminars.

Each facility organizes local events to heighten staff awareness of environmental issues.

Subcontractor and supplier involvement

Our general terms and conditions of purchase include obligations to protect and prevent risks of impacting the environment.

The performance of industrial subcontractors that may have an impact on the environment is assessed using an environmental questionnaire.

Subcontractor administrative compliance likely to generate environmental impacts is also taken into account.

Subcontractors are actively encouraged to earn ISO 14001 certification or equivalent.

Environmental performance
 by our plants

Energy consumption

In addition to the jet fuel used for test flights, the energy used by Dassault Aviation now comes primarily from gas and electricity.

The trend towards “clean” energies leads to reduced NOx emissions and almost total elimination of SO2 releases, except for those produced in flight.

Energy consumption
Energy consumption

Water consumption

The water used comes from public networks, groundwater pumping and runoff rainwater recovery. It is used in production, food services, restrooms and watering green areas.

Efforts made by the production plants, such as recycling industrial process water, optimizing the consumption of certain production processes or systematically checking networks for leaks, have considerably reduced our total consumption of water.

Water consumption
Water consumption

Releases of volatile organic compounds (VOC)

Dassault Aviation plants release volatile organic compounds (VOC) from degreasing, surface cleaning and painting processes, in either channeled or diffuse fashion.

These emissions have been reduced by about 60% since 2000. Furthermore, the share of halogenated solvents has also been significantly reduced. Extensive work has been done to achieve this result:

  • Replacing the most environmentally-harmful solvents with less aggressive ones,
  • Installing biological cleaning fountains,
  • Replacing solvent-based structure protection paints with low-VOC water-based coatings, etc.
Releases of volatile organic compounds (VOC)
Releases of volatile organic compounds (VOC)

Waste

Dassault Aviation’s operations generate non-hazardous waste that is largely recyclable (paper, cardboard, metals, etc.). Our industrial waste is handled by specialized waste treatment methods (oils, metallic hydroxide sludge, solvents, soiled packaging, etc.).

The three main waste treatment methods used are:

  • Recycling of metals,
  • Waste-to-energy conversion,
  • Reclamation of non-metal matter.

The amount of waste produced each year depends greatly on production rates and industrial activity. To make use of this waste, Dassault Aviation has introduced sorting measures and raised reclamation and recycling objectives.

Reclamation or recycling today accounts for over 70% of our waste.

Waste storage zones have also been created to keep it confined and avoid all dissemination.

Waste tonnage evolution
Waste tonnage evolution

Preventing accidental pollution

Releases of industrial wastewater come from surface treatment activities. To prevent the release of toxic metals into the environment, all production facilities concerned are equipped with detoxification or zero-discharge systems and regularly monitor their effluent.

Releases of industrial wastewater come from surface treatment activities. To prevent the release of toxic metals into the environment, all production facilities concerned are equipped with detoxification or zero-discharge systems and regularly monitor their effluent.

Historical pollution: In 2007, the Company installed a treatment unit for polluted water after discovering a historical pollution source. The equipment has since proved effective in terms of groundwater pollution management.

Preventing accidental pollution
Preventing accidental pollution

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions

The Grenelle 2 Law requires all companies with over 500 employees to publish a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report by December 31, 2012.

This report highlights the improvements made to Dassault Aviation’s operations for several years now and which have significantly helped reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Examples include:

  • Stopping the shuttle flights between the facilities in Istres and Le Bourget,
  • Creating a chemical product distribution platform (reduction by more than 1,000 metric tons of CO2 equivalent per year),
  • Implementing a materials distribution platform,
  • Replacing old boilers by more efficient and energy-saving equipment,
  • Insulation work on buildings,
  • Replacing old items of equipment running on R22 gas,
  • Purchasing electric cars to replace conventional cars.
Dassault Aviation Facility
Dassault Aviation Facility